International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal (ISSN:&nbsp;2321-7235) </strong>aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/INDJ/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Neuropsychiatric Disease related research’.&nbsp;The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal 2321-7235 Care Strategies for the Elderly with Alzheimer's Disease: Integrative Literature Review <p><strong>Objective: </strong>To investigate care strategies in older people with Alzheimer's Disease, in the 2014-2018 historical series.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Integrative Literature Review was conducted in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Latin American Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) and Nursing Databases (BDENF) databases.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 10 articles were found and analyzed using IRAMUTEC software. This recognized the separation of the corpus into 10 initial context units (ICU), with the emergence of the following categories: 1) Family dynamics and care; 2) Nursing care for the elderly with Alzheimer's disease; 3) Geronto-technologies and their use for the elderly with Alzheimer's disease.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The disease interferes in the ability to meet the basic needs of the elderly, thus the need for specific care arises, and it is essential that the nurse outlines his therapeutic plan also to the caregiver and the elderly.</p> Viviane Ferraz Ferreira de Aguiar Dayara de Nazaré Rosa de Carvalho Daniele Melo Sardinha Jaqueline Dantas Neres Martins Rafael Everton Assunção Ribeiro da Costa Carla Sena Cunha Celice Ruanda Oliveira Sobrinho Fernanda Araújo Trindade Rakel Daiane Costa da Silva Ivone de Melo Sousa Dandara de Fátima Ribeiro Bendelaque Kateley Stefany da Costa Castro Andréia Dias Grijó de Oliveira Raphael Resende Gustavo Galvão Lorena Nayara Alves Neves Nancy de Souza Felipe de Nazaré Suzanne Lourdes Souza Mônica Custódio do Couto Abreu Pamplona Elisa da Silva Feitosa Ivonete Vieira Pereira Peixoto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-14 2020-02-14 1 10 10.9734/indj/2019/v13i3-430111 The Qualitative Analysis of Psychosocial Profile of Juvenile Offenders and Exploration of Their Perception towards Delinquent Behaviors <p>Juvenile delinquency or juvenile offending generally means the failure of children to meet certain obligations expected of them by the society. The study aimed for qualitative analysis of psychosocial factors which played a crucial role in exhibiting the delinquent behavior of juveniles and also explored the perception towards their offences. Cross sectional research design was used and thirty juveniles within the age range of 10-17 years involved in delinquent activities were selected by the use of purposive sampling method. Out of 30 juveniles, fifteen of them had committed heinous crimes like rape and murder and the remaining fifteen juveniles had committed non-heinous offenses like burglary, theft, kidnapping, physical assault and cybercrime. The qualitative analysis found many factors like poor tolerance level, anger management and school performance, media influence, low socio-economic status, presence of illness in the family and crime in neighborhood as risks for juvenile delinquency. It was also noticed that juvenile offenders had poor sense of responsibility, understanding or comprehension and awareness related to the delinquent act. Majority of them attributed their delinquent act to the external factors and denied having any positive feelings towards the victim. The exploration of risk factors and offenders understanding and perception toward crime would help in prevention and intervention programs. Implication and limitations of the study were discussed.</p> Plabita Patowary Rejani Thudalikunnil Gopalan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-14 2020-02-14 1 12 10.9734/indj/2019/v13i3-430110 Religious Mosque Leaders (Khateebs): Awareness, Perceptions, Practices and Attitude towards Mental Health, Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia <p><strong>Background:</strong> Mosques are the most holy places in the eyes of Allah-Exalted and Glorified, and the religious mosque leaders (Khateebs) who read 15-20 minutes Khutbah prior to Friday Prayers have great knowledge in religion of Islam and are considered the peace-building leaders through delivering the pertinent Friday sermons around the world.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This online consenting cross-sectional survey explored the mental health awareness, perceptions, attitudes and practices of Khateebs of Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This survey used 14-items self-designed culturally competitive questionnaire and sociodemographic proforma to tap religious mosque leaders’ knowledge, perceptions, practices and attitude towards mental health.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Majority of mosque leaders were middle aged with higher education and extensive experience as a model of true interlocutor (Khateeb). Their knowledge and practices revealed were replete with religious and spiritual healing approaches but religious mosque leaders did not completely overlook the role of psychiatric medications and mental health professionals in the management of mentally ill persons. However, religious mosque leaders showed some negative attitudes towards patients with mental disorders, and recommended 10 corrective guides including integration of mosques and religious leaders into mental health system.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Despite mosque leader’s good mental health literacy, they need further training to plug certain loopholes traced in their mental health literacy. Researchers should conduct further similar research overcoming the caveats of this survey not only in Saudi Arabia but also globally in Muslim world.</p> Abdulhameed Abdullah Alhabeeb Abdulelah Ishaq Khayat Adnan Ahmed Makkawi Naseem Akhtar Qureshi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-14 2020-02-14 1 12 10.9734/indj/2019/v13i3-430112 Prevalence and Pattern of Mental Illness among School Age Children Seen at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital: A Six Year Study <p><strong>Background: </strong>A sound mental health in school age children is critical for good academic achievements and a better transition from childhood to adulthood. The increasing prevalence of mental illness in school age children, especially the adolescents, is of great public health concern globally.</p> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>The aim of this study therefore was to determine the prevalence and pattern of mental health disorders among school age children seen at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH).</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Consent for the study was obtained from the research ethical committee of the hospital. Medical case notes of all patients aged 5 years to 18 years seen in the clinic by Consultant Child and adolescent Psychiatrists from 2015 to 2019 were retrieved and thoroughly reviewed. Data was analyzed using the SPSS version 20 statistical package and results presented using descriptive and analytical methods.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Out of 7,856 patients seen in the Neuropsychiatry Clinic within the period under review, 408 (5.2%) were children aged between 5 to 18 years. Male was higher with 232 (56.9%). The most prevalent mental illnesses were anxiety disorders, 58 (14.2%), depressive illnesses 46 (11.3%), schizophrenic illness 44 (10.8%), mental and behavioural abnormality secondary to substance abuse (MABD) 43 (10.5%), bipolar affective disorders 37 (9.1%), while conversion disorders was the least with 3 (0.7%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Mental disorders are common among school age children seen in UPTH and often impair the emotional wellbeing of this population. A detailed and well worked out plan of management is needed to provide optimal mental health services to children and adolescents. Well-coordinated mental health services should be inculcated into the School Health Programme in Nigeria.</p> A. K. Nkporbu B. A. Alex-Hart ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-18 2020-02-18 1 10 10.9734/indj/2019/v13i3-430113