Main Article Content
Juvenile delinquency or juvenile offending generally means the failure of children to meet certain obligations expected of them by the society. The study aimed for qualitative analysis of psychosocial factors which played a crucial role in exhibiting the delinquent behavior of juveniles and also explored the perception towards their offences. Cross sectional research design was used and thirty juveniles within the age range of 10-17 years involved in delinquent activities were selected by the use of purposive sampling method. Out of 30 juveniles, fifteen of them had committed heinous crimes like rape and murder and the remaining fifteen juveniles had committed non-heinous offenses like burglary, theft, kidnapping, physical assault and cybercrime. The qualitative analysis found many factors like poor tolerance level, anger management and school performance, media influence, low socio-economic status, presence of illness in the family and crime in neighborhood as risks for juvenile delinquency. It was also noticed that juvenile offenders had poor sense of responsibility, understanding or comprehension and awareness related to the delinquent act. Majority of them attributed their delinquent act to the external factors and denied having any positive feelings towards the victim. The exploration of risk factors and offenders understanding and perception toward crime would help in prevention and intervention programs. Implication and limitations of the study were discussed.
Lawrence R, Hesse M. Juvenile justice: The essentials. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 2010.
Sahmey K, Patnaik B. A. study on factors underlying juvenile delinquency and positive youth development programs, (1) (PDF) A cross-sectional study on the factors influencing juvenile delinquency in the government juvenile home, Hyderabad, Telangana; 2013.
Poduthase T. Parent-adolescent relation-ship and juvenile delinquency in Kerala, India: A qualitative study. American Journal of Sociology. 2012;99(2):353-395.
Oni A. Peer group pressure as a deter-minant of adolescent social adjustment in Nigerian schools. Asian Pacific Journal of Educators and Education. 2010;25:189-202.
Patowary P, Gopalan RT. Psychosocial profile of juvenile delinquents. International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal. 2019; 13(1):1-10.
Ashkar JP, Kenny TD. Views from inside: Young offenders' subjective experiences of incarceration. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 2008;52(5):584-597.
Miner-Miner-Romanoff K. Juveniles sentences and incarcerated as adults: Findings from a qualitative analysis of their knowledge, understanding and perceptions of their sentences. Justice Policy Journal. 2012;9(1):1–47.
Obinyan E. Differential adolescent delinquency tolerance and the effect of race and gender. Graduate Theses and Dissertations; 2004.
Hawkins JD, Herrenkohl T, Farrington DP, Brewer D, Catalano RF, Harachi TW. A review of predictors of youth violence. In Serious and violent juvenile offenders: Risk factors and successful interventions, edited by Loeber R, Farrington DP. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1998;106-46.
Goldstein SE, Young A, Boyd C. Relational aggression at school: Associations with school safety and social climate. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2008;37:641-654.
Daley CE, Onwuegbuzie AJ. Attributions toward violence of male juvenile delinquents: A concurrent mixed-methodo-logical analysis. The Journal of Social Psychology. 2004;144(6)549-570.
Manikanta T, Ashoka. A study on the influence of socio-economic status on juveniles in conflict with law (Delinquent). Indian Social Science Journal; 2011.
Uekert B, Edwards I, Crowe A, Peters T, Cheesman F, Kameda D. Juvenile domestic and family violence: The effects of court-based intervention programs on recidivism. The National Center for State Courts. National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice; 2006.
Hetherington EM, Bridges M, Insabella G. What matters? What does not? Five perspectives on the association between marital transitions and children's adjustment. American Psychologist. 1998; 53(2):167-184.
Maguin E, Loeber R. Academic performance and delinquency. In: Tonry, M., Ed., Crime and Justice. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 1996;20:145-264.
Chung HL, Steinberg L. Relations between neighborhood factors, parenting behaviors, peer deviance and delinquency among serious juvenile offenders. Developmental Psychology. 2006;42:319–331.
DOI: 10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.1999 [PubMed Cross Ref Google Scholar]
Hadley-Ives E, Stiffman AR, Elze D, Johnson SD, Dore P. Measuring neighborhood and school environments: Perceptual and aggregate approaches. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment. 2000;3:1–28.
Gough HG, Bradley P. Delinquent and criminal behavior as assessed by the revised California psychological inventory. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 1992;48: 298–308.
[Crossref], [Google Scholar]
Wasserman GA, Keenan K, Tremblay RE, Coie JD, Herrenkohl TI, Loeber R, Petechuk D. Risk and protective factors of child delinquency. Child Deliquency, bulletin series. U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; 2003.
Reilly J. Risk and protective factors of delinquency: Perspectives from professionals working with youth. Retrieved from Sophia, the St. Catherine University repository; 2012.
Shepherd SM, Newton D, Harries C, Fix RL, Fullam R. An analysis of high-risk offending pathways for young females in custody. Psychiatriatry Psychology and Law. 2008;26(2):194-205.